Four of these Â paintings are images of cities, seen map-like from the air. I began this work during the lead-up to the 2003 invasion of Iraq. I painted these cities by creating neighbourhoods and folding the densely inhabited spaces around each other. Â I draw on my memory of old cities where I have been:Â courtyard gardens, riverbanks, bridges, and lanes; paradise gardens; and gardens found in Persian and Mughal paintings. Seven of the other paintings shown here are related in theme, but they have their beginnings in handwriting I found in old letters. The letters were written in 1926-1937, from China, under conditions of war and occupation. In these “letter paintings” my main interest Â is on the shapes of the words and the pen marks, quite apart from their meanings. The meanings, partly erased by time, describe scenes of destruction in Shanghai after a bombing in October 1937, a small courtyard seen through as window from the letter-writer’s desk, a landscape with snow and roses.